Saturday, 14 November 2020

Turkish Cypriots Reject Ankara's Steps in Varosha

Esra Aygin 

Thousands of Turkish Cypriots are protesting Turkey’s unilateral actions in Varosha ahead of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s scheduled visit to the island where he plans to have a picnic in the fenced-off city. 


Last month, a beachfront and the Demokratia and Kennedy avenues within Varosha were opened to visitors between certain hours. Varosha is a town in the northern part of Cyprus, which has been fenced off as a forbidden military zone since 1974, when its Greek Cypriot population fled from the advancing Turkish army. It is among the places to be returned to its lawful former Greek Cypriot inhabitants under the control of the future Greek Cypriot constituent state within the framework of a comprehensive federal solution on the island. Recently however, Turkey has been vocal about plans to open Varosha under Turkish Cypriot control despite United Nations Security Council resolutions prohibiting the move.[1] The UN Security Council recently called for a reversal of the decision to open the coastline in the fenced-off area of Varosha in Famagusta and to adhere to UN resolutions. The Council expressed concern over Turkey’s actions and called on the parties to avoid any unilateral action that could raise tensions on the island. 


In an unprecedented joint action, a total of 62 Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot civil society organisations, trade unions and political parties made a statement protesting Turkey’s unilateral steps in Varosha. Such initiatives undermine “not only the peace process and regional stability, but also the relations between our communities,” the statement said. 

“Fait accompli initiatives of a forced and unilateral nature feed into the nationalistic narratives and groups on both sides of the divide, increase the chances of political retaliations and further poison the climate, which is already damaged, especially after the interruption of crossings.” 

Referring to the planned picnic by Turkish President Erdogan, the statement said: “Adding insult to the injury, the celebratory nature of this initiative, built as it is on the painful memories of the legal residents of Varosha, pains our conscience.”


Turkey’s plans about Varosha were expedited last month during the election period for the Turkish Cypriot leader. In a move widely seen as an attempt to sway results against former Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akinci, Turkish President Erdogan and Akinci’s rival Ersin Tatar announced the opening of part of the sealed-off city of Varosha for visits days before the election. 


Tatar became the Turkish Cypriot leader in elections marred by serious accusations of intervention by Ankara in his favour. During a joint press conference with Tatar in his first visit to Ankara as the Turkish Cypriot leader, Erdogan suggested having a picnic in Varosha on 15 November, which is the anniversary of the unilateral declaration of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is only recognised by Turkey. 


A number of civil society organisations are planning demonstrations against Erdogan’s visit. 


On Friday, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu arrived in the northern part of Cyprus to prepare the grounds for Erdogan’s visit, he said on Twitter. Intensive work in the part of Varosha, where the picnic is planned is continuing with lawn and trees being planted, landscaping work being done and asphalt being laid. 


Turkish Cypriots have been increasingly vocal against Turkey’s intervention in their elections and plans about Varosha. In a demonstration last week, thousands of Turkish Cypriots marched in the streets of the divided capital Nicosia calling for an end to Ankara’s interventions and control in the northern part of Cyprus, and for free will and democracy. 


“Ankara get your hands off our collars” and “Democracy, not submission” were some of the slogans the crowd chanted. Among banners, were those in protest of Turkey’s unilateral steps in Varosha. “No picnic over others’ pain” read a popular banner.  


Thousands of Turkish Cypriots on social media have also adopted the frames “No Place for Picnic” and “No Picnic Over Pain.” There is also widespread use of hashtags referring to Varosha such as #rızamyok (I don’t give consent)  on social media. Many Greek Cypriots, clearly moved by the posts of Turkish Cypriots are commenting and thanking them for their support. 


“Turkish Cypriots have shown huge empathy on the streets and on social media to the Greek Cypriots,” said Okan Dagli from the Famagusta Initiative, one of the signatories of the joint statement. “It is the first time Greek Cypriots are feeling such a strong empathy and solidarity by Turkish Cypriots.” 





[1] UN Security Council Resolutions 550 (1984) “Considers attempts to settle any part of Varosha by people other than its inhabitants as inadmissible and calls for the transfer of this area to the administration of the United Nations” UN Security Council Resolution 789 (1992) urges “That, with a view to the implementation of resolution 550 (1984), the area at present under the control of the United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus be extended to include Varosha.” With the new attempts to open the fenced-off city on 9 October 2019, the UN Security Council discussed the issue of Varosha in closed consultations and subsequently issued a press statement in which they recalled the importance of the status of Varosha as set out in previous Council resolutions, reiterating that no actions should be taken in relation to Varosha that were not in accordance with those resolutions and stressing the importance of implementing the Council’s resolutions.

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